Sunday, September 10, 2006
Solved! The Mystery of the Palace of the Viceroy of Manila, Molina de Aragón, Spain
On a very hot spring day this year my friends Carlos, Jaime and Marius took a daytrip to Molina de Aragón, a delightful small town in the province of Guadalajara. An English student of Jaime's had been nagging us about visiting the town which he claimed had a direct relation to the history of the Philippines.
When we got to the town we discovered that everyone seemed to know where the Palacio del Virrey de Manila is. Yes, they said, go to the corner of Calle Quiñones and you will see a stone facade with the heraldic insignia of the Viceroy. When we arrived we discovered a 3-storey stone palace with an imposing principal entrace surmounted by a seal decorated with 2 putti holding aloft a royal crown, and with decorations of armaments, musical instruments, flags, castles and a tree.
What was more exciting was discovering that the facade had once been covered with extensive murals; we were told by the locals that the expanse of blue green color once represented beautiful images of Manila from the seaside and that there were several allusions to the sciences, painting and the navy, of which the Viceroy had been very fond of.
Carlos and Jaime were approached by several very friendly natives, but unfortunately the Palacio had passed from the original owners to a new one who now maintained it as a private home. The local history museum was closed and we were resigned to the fact that the Palacio del Virrey de Manila would remain a tantalizing enigma.
Serendipity to the rescue! While working for Filipiniana.net, I began tracking down an important historical account by the 32nd Philippine Governor General Fernando Valdés y Tamón. On googling his name I saw out of the corner of my eye a search result with the words Virey de Manila and I knew in an instant that I had now solved the mystery...
Don Fernando Valdés Tamón was the governor general of Islas Filipinas from 1729 to 1739 and unsuccessfully tried to colonize the Palaus from 1730 to 1733. Don Fernando did sign a treaty of peace with the Sultan of Jolo Muhammad Alimuddin. After ten years of grappling with the vexing problems of the Spanish Orient, he returned to Madrid remaining in favor with the court of the Bourbons. In Madrid he met a young noblewoman from the town of Aragon de Molina. Marriage followed soon after with the palace being erected in 1740. The couple filled the palacio with murals, paintings, tapestries and other sumptuous furniture that it was said that they spent a "thousand and one happy nights" there. The noble house passed on to their descendants of Brigadier Vigil de Quiñones until their family sold it recently to the new owners who are busy renovating it.